Facts: How Nigeria Came To Be
NIGERIA NEWS understands that tourist often wants to know the story of the country they are visiting as it tends to give the perspective. Within the next couple of paragraphs, NIGERIA NEWS would narrate the Facts that surround the story of how Nigeria came to be. Enjoy!
After the abolition of the slave trade, there was an expansion of trade in agricultural produce from Africa to Europe, particularly palm oil from the West African coastal areas
The coastal enclave of Lagos became a British colony in 1861, a centre for expansion of British trade, missions, and political influence.
In Late 19th century and early 20th century, Lagos was also a centre for educated West African elites who were to play prominent roles in the development of Pan-Africanism as well as Nigerian nationalism.
By the end of the 19th century, Britain began an aggressive military expansion in the region. A protectorate was declared over northern Nigeria in 1900.
Despite the loss of sovereignty, the strong political and cultural traditions of these societies initially enabled many to accommodate nominal British rule with little change in their way of life.
Nigeria came under the colonial rule of the British (United Kingdom) during the second half of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th century.
The United Kingdom conquered the territory of present-day Nigeria, except for the section of former German-controlled Kamerun in several stages.
The British dependencies of Northern and Southern Nigeria were merged into a single territory in 1914, and a legislative council, initially with limited African representation was created in 1922.
Traditional native rulers, however, administered various territories under the supervision of the colonial authorities. In 1947, a federal system of government was established under a new Nigerian constitution introduced by the United Kingdom.
This system was based on three regions: Eastern, Western and Northern. The idea was to reconcile the regional and religious tensions as well as accommodating the interest of diverse ethnic groups: mainly the Ibo (in the east), the Yoruba (in the west) and the Hausa and Fulani (in the north).
Nigeria was granted full independence in October 1960, as a federation of three regions (northern, western, and eastern) under a constitution that provided for a parliamentary form of government.
It is important to note that Nigeria only gained independence after she had experienced the use of four different constitutions which till today is referenced to while determining the evolution of the country.
Nigeria became independent by virtue of the independence constitution of 196o, and later a republic by virtue of the Republican constitution of 1963.
Under the constitution, each of the three regions which ultimately gave birth to the numerous states existing today retained a substantial measure of self-government and autonomy.